Pamela K. Lattimore is Director of RTI’s Center for Justice, Safety, and Resilience, which focuses on improving understanding of crime and related problems, criminal justice systems, safety threats and responses, and prevention and intervention activities. Her research focuses on evaluating interventions; and investigating the causes and correlates of criminal behavior, including substance use and mental health. She is a Fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology, received the Peter P. Lejins Researcher Award from the American Correctional Association, and was presented with the Distinguished Scholar Award by the Division on Corrections and Sentencing of the American Society of Criminology. Dr. Lattimore has published extensively, has served on the editorial boards of multiple academic journals, and is co-editor of the annual series, Handbook on Corrections and Sentencing, sponsored by the American Society of Criminology’s Division of Corrections and Sentencing and published by Routledge Press.
The Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Demonstration Field Experiment (DFE) was a four-site randomized control trial to evaluate the effectiveness of replications of Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement program. HOPE programs are intended to provide swift, certain, and modest responses to violations of conditions of probation supervision. For example, immediate jailing and a violation hearing within 24 hours for a positive drug test with the hearing resulting in an immediate several-day jail sentence. The HOPE model, and its more generalized “Swift, Certain, and Fair” approach to community supervision, has been widely touted as a cost-effective way to improve compliance with supervision conditions and reduce criminal behavior and probation revocations. As a result, the HOPE/SCF model has seen rapid adoption across the US. Beginning in the summer 2012, medium/high risk probationers were randomly assigned to either the HOPE program or to probation as usual (PAU); study enrollment in all sites concluded on or before September 26, 2014, with a total of 1,504 evaluation enrollees. Findings from this recently concluded HOPE DFE evaluation suggest that the four sites were successful in implementing the HOPE programs and that those on HOPE had similar recidivism outcomes to those on PAU. Key findings from the process, outcome, and economic evaluations of the HOPE Demonstration Field Experiment will be presented and discussed.