Adrian Raine

Richard Perry University Professor, Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology

Email:
araine@sas.upenn.edu

Education:
B.A. Experimental Psychology, Jesus College, Oxford University, England, 1977
M.A. Experimental Psychology, Jesus College, Oxford University, England, 1982
D. Phil. Psychology, York University, England, 1982

Information for Prospective Graduate Students interested in working with Dr. Raine - Professor Raine will not be taking on new graduate students for entry in Fall 2016.

Research Areas:

My main area of interest is Neurocriminology – a new sub-discipline of Criminology which applies neuroscience techniques to probe the causes of and cures for crime. My laboratory focuses on risk and protective factors for childhood conduct disorder, reactive and proactive aggression, adult antisocial personality disorder, homicide, and psychopathy. We are also working on biological interventions for antisocial behavior, such as nutritional supplements. Our clinical neuroscience research program encompasses adults, adolescents, and children, and we have interests in both male and female antisocial behavior. Techniques we use in our research include structural and functional brain imaging, autonomic and central nervous system psychophysiology, neuroendocrinology, neuropsychology, genetics, x-ray fluorescence, and transcranial direct current stimulation. We take a biosocial perspective to our investigation of antisocial behavior in which our end-goal is to integrate social, psychological, and environmental processes with neurobiological approaches to better understand antisocial behavior. How this knowledge has implications for law is also of interest to my lab. We are also interested in clinical disorders including schizotypal personality, hyperactivity, PTSD, and anxiety which are comorbid with antisocial behavior. 

Selected Recent Publications:

Books

Raine, A. (2013). The Anatomy of Violence: The Biological Roots of Crime.  New York: Pantheon/Random House; London: Allen Lane/Penguin. Amsterdam: Balans. 

Glenn, A. and Raine, A. (2014). Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications. New York: New York University Press.

Journal Articles

Raine, A., Portnoy, J., Liu, J., Mahoomed, T., and Hibbeln, J(2015). Reduction in behavior problems with omega-3 supplementation in children aged 8-16 years: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, stratified, parallel-group trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 56 509-520.

Choy, O., Raine, A., Portnoy, J., Rudo-Hutt, A., Gao, Y., and Soyfer, L. (2015). The Mediating Role of Heart Rate on the Social Adversity-Antisocial Behavior Relationship: A Social Neurocriminology Perspective. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 52 303-341.

Portnoy, J., Raine, A., Chen, F.R., Pardini, D., Loeber, R. and Jennings, R. (2014). Heart rate and antisocial behavior: The mediating role of impulsive sensation seeking.Criminology 52 292-311.

Chen, F.R., Raine, A. and Granger, D. A. (2015). Interaction of Adrenocortical Activity and Autonomic Arousal on Children's Externalizing and Internalizing Behavior Problems.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 43 189-202.

Glenn, A.L. and Raine, A. (2014) Neurocriminology: Implications for the punishment, prediction and prevention of criminal behavior. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 15 54-63.

Raine, A, Fung, A., Portnoy, J., Choy, O., and Spring, V.L.  (2014). Low heart rate as a risk factor for adolescent proactive aggression and impulsive psychopathic behavior in children. Aggressive Behavior 40 290-299.

Pardini, D., Raine, A., Erickson, K. and Loeber, R. (2014). Lower amygdala volume is associated with childhood aggression, early psychopathic features and future violence.Biological Psychiatry 75 73-80.